Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/14566
Title: Improvement of the properties of novel bioplastics through reactive compatibilization
Authors: Amini Shahsavarani, Arjang
Advisors: Tarverdi, K
Keywords: PHA;PBS;Chain extenders;Impact modifier;Talc
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: Bioplastics are emerging as most promising materials to replace oil based thermoplastics particularly in packaging. Bioplastics can mitigate and address concerns about the negative role of plastics in the environment creating pollution and depleting resources hence bioplastics can enable an innovative approach toward addressing these issues. However, manufacturing of bioplastic is still costly and their mechanical and thermal properties require extensive development. Therefore there has been substantial interest to improve processing and properties of bioplastics to diminish the environmental impacts caused by continuous use of synthetic polymers of petroleum origin. In this research, Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) or PHBV and Polybutylene succinate (PBS) composites and blends were developed to improve the properties of PHBV as the matrix polymer and hence produce a novel formulation for product development. Three approaches were studied in this work:  The effect of talcum powder as a nucleating agent and reinforcing filler.  The effect of oligomer chain extenders on miscibility, crystallinity, thermal and thermomechanical, mechanical and morphological properties of PHBV/PBS blends.  The effect of acrylic core-shell impact modifier on crystallinity, thermal and thermomechanical, mechanical and morphological properties of PHBV were also evaluated. All the above scientific approaches have been studied. It was noticed that talc can change the sluggish crystallinity of PHBV. Talc enhances nucleation of PHBV in the composites which leads to a faster crystallization rate. The heat distortion temperature, crystallinity and the modulus of PHBV/talc composite were also increased. In the presence of the chain extender (CE) the miscibility conditions of PHBV/PBS blends were changed. The results were supported by calculation of the activation energies. The elongation at break and tensile strength of PHBV/PBS/Chain extender blends increased indicating miscibility change. The possible reaction mechanism between PHBV, PBS and CE are proposed and the results supported by using FTIR. Immiscibility results of the PHBV/PBS blends are supported by SEM images. Addition of the impact modifier to PHBV reduced the crystallization rate and prolonged crystallization time. It has been found that the shell of impact modifier (PMMA) is partially miscible with PHBV. The absorbed impact energy is improved by the impact modifier but the improvement was not as satisfactory as results noted for PLA. The SEM images showed the average fine dispersion of different sized particles inside the matrix.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/14566
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Wolfson Centre for Materials Processing

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